Sunday, May 17, 2020

Across Five Separate Readings, I Have Discovered And Learnt

Across five separate readings, I have discovered and learnt different aspects that make a great leader. More importantly though, is I have been exposed to ways that particularly relate to me and furthermore how I can use this knowledge to benefit my growth in becoming a great leader. These five readings include; â€Å"Legacy: 15 lessons in leadership: what the All Blacks can teach us about the business of life† (Kerr, J. 2013), â€Å"The authenticity paradox: why feeling like a fake can be a sign of growth† (Ibarra H. 2014), â€Å"The power of Appreciative inquiry: a practical guide to positive change† (Whitney, D., Trosten-Bloom, A. 2003), â€Å"Salsa, soul and spirit: Leadership for a multi-cultural age† (Bordas. J. 2012) and â€Å"Leading with questions: How†¦show more content†¦However in order to become a greater leader I am willing to accept this learning challenge and list â€Å"the great ‘I am’† five times. I am a trus tworthy person, I am an excellent listener, I am extremely respectful of other people, I am very encouraging of other people’s ideas and I am a strong believer of do what makes you happy. â€Å"From self-knowledge, Lombardi believed, we develop character and integrity† (Kerr, J. 2013), where from â€Å"character and integrity comes leadership† (Kerr, J. 2013). So if I continue to appreciate my own personal values then this should start to guide me in the right direction of being a great leader. The second reading â€Å"The authenticity paradox: why feeling like a fake can be a sign of growth† (Ibarra H. 2014), taught me that because I’m a person who likes to stick within their comfortable boundaries, that â€Å"to begin thinking like leaders we must first act† (Ibarra H. 2014). By this I should â€Å"plunge into new projects and activities, interact with very different kinds of people, and experiment with new ways of getting things done† (Ibarra H. 2014). So in order to do this I need to break down those walls and do those â€Å"new things that make us uncomfortable but that teach us through direct experience who we want to become† (Ibarra H. 2014). One way that I can instantly relate this to myself is at the end of this year, my family and I are thinking about moving countries for the second time andShow MoreRelatedDoes A Lengthened School Day Make A Difference? Essay1800 Words   |  8 Pagessociety and education over the years has con tributed to the prominent interest of changing from half-day to full-day kindergarten programs in many countries around the world. Due to the increase in single parent and dual employment households, studies have shown that parents and guardians tend to favour full-day over half-day kindergarten programs, eliminating the difficulties associated with scheduling both a kindergarten and a child care program during the same day (Housden Kam, 1992, n.p.). 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Insourcing/Outsoucingâ€the Flexcon Piston Decision

Insourcing/Outsoucing—The FlexCon Piston Decision This case addresses many issues that affect insourcing/outsourcing decisions. A complex and important topic facing businesses today is whether to produce a component, assembly, or service internally (insourcing), or whether to purchase that same component, assembly, or service from an external supplier (outsourcing). Because of the important relationship between insourcing/outsourcing and competitiveness, organizations must consider many variables when considering an insourcing/outsourcing decision. This may include a detailed examination of a firm’s competency and costs, along with quality, delivery, technology, responsiveness, and continuous improvement requirements. Because of†¦show more content†¦Shorter cycle times, for example, encourage greater outsourcing with less vertical integration. The time to develop a production capability or capacity may exceed the window available to enter a new market. ââ€" ª Wall Street recognizes and rewards firms with higher ROI/ROA. Since insourcing usually requires an assumption of fixed assets (and increased human capital), financial pressures are causing managers to closely exam sourcing decisions. Avoidance of fixed costs and asset is motivating many firms to rely on supplier assets. ââ€" ª Improved computer simulation tools and forecasting software enable firms to perform insourcing/outsourcing comparisons with greater precision. These tools allow the user to perform sensitivity analysis (what-if analysis) that permits comparison of different sourcing possibilities. One topic that interested FlexCon managers was a discussion of how core competencies relate to outsourcing decisions. FlexCon management commonly accepted that a core competency was something the company was good at. This view, however, is not correct. A core competence refers to skills, processes, or resources that distinguish a company, are hard to duplicate, and make that firm unique compared to other firms. Core competencies begin to define a firms long run, strategic ability to build a dominant set of technologies and/or skills that enable it to adapt quickly to changing market

Bioscience Studied for Human Body

Question: Describe about the Bioscience for Studied for Human Body . Answer: Introduction: Effects of hot water bathing were well studied on the human body including heart rate. Hear rate is under the influence of numerous homoeostatic mechanisms. In the literature it has been mentioned that around 10 % sudden deaths occur due to the hot water bath and out of these deaths 10 % were due to cardiovascular problems. Physiologic and metabolic processes of human beings get affected by temperature changes. Acute and chronic changes in temperatures have significant effect on the physiological processes like heart rate. Due to hot water bath, there can be increased skin temperature. Due to this increase in the skin temperature sweating occurs and it results in the increased vasoconstriction and shivering. Very low frequency power (0.0039-0.04 Hz) raised in response to vasoconstriction and shivering. With the increase in the internal body temperature due to hot water, blood vessel dilates. As a result heart has to pump at faster rate to maintain adequate blood pressure allowing blood to cool down. Heart rate recovers to the normal state from its increased state upon removal from the hot water because there is the core hypothermia (Kamath and Adrian, 2016; Vrijkotte et al, 2000). Tabara et al., (2004) conducted study on eight elderly female and eight young women to study effect of hot immersion at 40C for 10 minutes. In this study they observed that high frequency (0.2 Hz) and low frequency (0.1 Hz) heart rate significantly increased from the baseline in both elderly and young women. They concluded that, variability in the heart rate is due to the alteration in the autonomic nervous system. Taheri et al., (2012) studied effect of warm water in 13 female students on heart rate. These female students walked through the warm water. They observed that, there is increased heart rate in these female students after walking through warm water. In these two studies, water temperature is little higher as compared to our planned experiment. In our study, hand and forearm are going to be immersed in the hot water, however in the above mentioned studies whole body was immersed and walking was performed in the hot water. As planned study is different in design from the mentioned studies, we are expecting new information from our planned study. The aim of the experiment is to study effect of hot immersion (37C) of both the hands on the heart rate. It is hypothesized that immersion of both the hands in warm water (37C) will increase in heart rate and. Material and methods: In this experiment 6 male healthy subjects were included in the study with age between 18-20. All the subjects reported to not have been on any type of medication in the last 6 months. These subjects didnt report any type of allergy. Materials used in this experiment were stopwatch (Clark), large bucket, Thermometer 0 to 100 C (Miller) and kettle. Heart rate (HR) was measured with an automatic digital sphygmomanometer (HEM-808F, OMRON Co, Tokyo, Japan). Subjects were relaxed for five minutes and after that heart were measured. Bucket was filled with warm water at 37C temperature and maintained this temperature throughout the experiment by adding hot or cool water. Subjects submerged their hands in the warm water up to their elbow. After 10 minutes heart rate was measured using automatic digital sphygmomanometer for all the subjects. Subjects kept their hands in water after measurement to take measurement at 20 and 30 minutes. For the obtained data, descriptive statistics in the form of mean and standard deviation was used. Also inferential statistics t test was used. Results: It was observed that heart rate after immersion of hand in warm water at 37C increased with increase in time of immersion as compared to the heart rate at the start of experiment (Table 1; Figure 1 Table 1: Time dependent effect of immersion in warm water on heart rate. Time (min.) Mean Heart Rates (beats/min) (S.D.) 0 89.2 12.2 10 110.4 15.6 20 124.8 14.6 30 140.6 16.2 Figure 1: Heart rate measurement of 6 subjects. Discussion: These findings were consistent with our hypothesis and the previous studies in which due to warm water there is the increase in the heart rate (Tabara et al., 2004; Taheri et al., 2012). Magnitude of increase in heart rate is similar to the previous studies because there is not much temperature difference. Heart rate variability observed across the subjects was consistent however, inter-subject variation has been observed. It has been observed that core temperature increase and highest increase in heart rate was observed during the later period of immersion. Taheri et al., (2012) studied effect of walking in warm water on heart rate. They found that heart rate was increased in stepwise manner from cold, mild and warm water. There was also decrease in the both systolic and diastolic blood pressure with increase in temperature. Blood pressure is more in cold water as compared to mild and warm water. This decrease in blood pressure is consistent with research conducted by (Allison Reger, 1998; Gabrielsen, Warberg et al., 2000; Nishimura Onodera, 2000). In this study they also studied recovery of heart rate in cold, mild and warm water. They found that recovery of heart rate was more in mild water as compared to the warm water. Tabara et al., (2004) hypothesized that imbalance of ANS due to hot water immersion can lead to disturbance in the hemodynamic process and alteration in the cardiovascular parameters. They studied age dependent effect of hot water immersion on heart rate and blood pressure. They found that systolic blood pressure was significantly altered in elder subjects, however this change was not significant in young subjects. Both high frequency (HF) (0.2 Hz)and low frequency (LF) (0.1 Hz) heart rate were significantly increased in elderly and young subjects. Autonomic nervous system (ANS) is the essential component of the thermoregulation homeostatic mechanism in the body. This ANS controls heart rate and blood pressure. Heart rate measurement has been emerged as the important method for the assessment of the ANS because it is safe, noninvasive, and relatively inexpensive. It has been shown that immersion in warm water produces effect on the ANS by decreasing the sympathetic activation and by increasing the vagal tone (Miwa et al., 1997; Nishimura Onodera, 2000, 2001; Perini Veicsteinas, 2003). Non pharmacological techniques like hot water immersion are useful in studying ANS which has wide applicability in in a range of physiological mechanism. In previous studies it has been well established that water immersion has effect on heart rate variability and it is related to alteration in the ANS in reducing sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity and increasing parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) activity (Mourot et al., 2008; Mourot e t al., 2007; Nagasawa et al., 2001; Nishimura Onodera, 2000, Nishimura Onodera, 2001). Thus, ANS has effects on the peripheral circulation, blood pressure and central nervous system. Blood flow increases with increase in temperature. It is believed that increased blood flow is due to the increased muscle flow because this warm water immersion is used as muscle relaxation therapy. This muscle blood flow is both under auto regulation and neurogenic regulation (Shankar and Randall, 2002). Hemodynamic and ANS changes in warm water immersion were studied in both elderly patients with heart disease and in normal people because these changes may lead to sudden death during bathing in elderly people. During immersion in the hot water, elderly patients cant maintain homeostasis because their ANS is not capable to respond dynamically to heat stress of hot water. In our experiment, we selected 37C temperature because temperature around 40C may not be tolerable by the subjects. Time of immersion also should be always more than 10 minutes because heart rate measurement generally requires steady state cycle for at least 5 minutes. In our experiment we followed the trend by keeping minimum immersion time of 10 minutes. One of the major limitations of the study was that less number of participants was involved in this study. To get more robust data, experiment with more number of participants required. In this young male were selected. In the next experiment, subjects with different age group and gender should be selected. It would be helpful to evaluate effect of hot water immersion on child, young people and adults. Also, it would be helpful to evaluate comparative effect of hot water immersion on male and female. References: Allison, T.G., Reger, W.E. (1998). Comparison of responses of men to immersion in circulating water at 40.0 and 41.5 degrees C. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 69(9), 845850. Gabrielsen, A., Warberg, J., Christensen, N.J., Bie, P., Stadeager, C., Pump, B., et al. (2000). Arterial pulse pressure and vasopressin release during graded water immersion in humans. American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 278(6), R1583R1588. Kamath, M.V., Watanabe, M. (2016). Heart Rate Variability (HRV) Signal Analysis: Clinical Applications. CRC Press. Taylor Francis Group. Miwa, C., Sugiyama, Y., Mano, T., Iwase, S., Matsukawa, T. (1997). Sympatho-vagal responses in humans to thermoneutral head-out water immersion. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 68(12), 11091114. Mourot, L., Bouhaddi, M., Gandelin, E., Cappelle, S., Dumoulin, G., Wolf, J.P., et al. (2008). Cardiovascular autonomic control during short-term thermoneutral and cool head-out immersion. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 79(1), 1420. Mourot, L., Bouhaddi, M., Gandelin, E., Cappelle, S., Nguyen, N.U., Wolf, J.P., et al. (2007). Conditions of autonomic reciprocal interplay versus autonomic co-activation: Effects on non-linear heart rate dynamics. Autonomic Neuroscience, 137(1), 2736. Nagasawa, Y., Komori, S., Sato, M., Tsuboi, Y., Umetani, K., Watanabe, Y., et al. (2001). Effects of hot bath immersion on autonomic activity and hemodynamics: Comparison of the elderly patient and the healthy young. Japanese Circulation Journal, 65(7), 587592. Nishimura, M., Onodera, S. (2000). Effects of supine floating on heart rate, blood pressure and cardiac autonomic nervous system activity. Journal of Gravitational Physiology, 7(2), 171172. Nishimura, M., Onodera, S. (2001). Effects of water temperature on cardiac autonomic nervous system modulation during supine floating. Journal of Gravitational Physiology, 8(1), 6566. Perini, R., Veicsteinas, A. (2003). Heart rate variability and autonomic activity at rest and during exercise in various physiological conditions. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 90(3-4), 317325. Shankar, K., Randall, K. (2002). Therapeutic Physical Modalities. Hanley and Belfus, Philadelphia. Tabara, Y., Kohara, K., Okuda, Y., Kondo, I., Suyama, K., Miki, T. (2004). Effects of hot water immersion on autonomic activity and hemodaynamics. American Journal of Hypertension, 17 (S1), 234A. Taheri, A., Habibi, A., Ghanbarzadeh, M., Ramezani, P. (2012). Changes in blood pressure, heart rate and perception of fatigue in Recovery to primary active state in water with three different temperatures, after an exhausting activity. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 3(7), 1485-1489. Vrijkotte TG, van Doornen L J, de Geus EJ. (2000). Effects of work stress on ambulatory blood pressure, heart rate, and heart rate variability. Hypertension, 35(4), 880-6.

Monday, April 20, 2020

Truman Doctrine Essays (2378 words) - Presidency Of Harry S. Truman

Truman Doctrine The Truman Doctrine was the impetus for the change in United States foreign policy, from isolationist to internationalists; thus we were drawn into two wars of containment and into world affairs. The Truman Doctrine led to a major change in U.S. foreign policy from its inception - aid to Turkey and Greece - to its indirect influence in Korea and Vietnam. The aftermath of World War II inspired the U.S. to issue a proclamation that would stem Communist influence throughout the world. However, our zeal in that achievement sent our soldiers to die in Vietnam and Korea for a seemingly futile cause. It must be the policy of the U.S. to support free peoples. This is no more than a frank recognitions that totalitarian regimes imposed on free peoples . . .undermine the foundations of . . . peace and security of the United States. The Truman Doctrine would change the foreign policy of the United States and the world. This policy would first go in aid to support the democratic regimes in Turkey and Greece. These nations were being threatened by Soviet-supported rebels seeking to topple the government and install a Communist regime. The Soviets were also making extreme territorial demands especially concerning the Dardanelles. A direct influence of this Doctrine was, of course, the Marshall Plan. The Marshall Plan was designed to give aid to any European country damaged during World War II. It tremendously helped ravaged European nations such as Italy and France. By helping them economically, the Marshall Plan indirectly helped to stem growing Communist sentiment in these countries. The process whereby the Truman Doctrine came to fruition was a long and arduous one. After World War II, the Soviet Union and the United States stood at the pinnacle of world power. By the late '40's, the U.S.S.R. had caught up to the United States' nuclear weapons programs. In addition, they were very land-hungry. Throughout Russia's history, they have been in search of a port - a quest advanced further by Peter the Great and Catherine the Great. The Soviets in that respect were direct threats to their non-Communist neighbors: Greece, Turkey, and Iran. In Iran, the U.S.S.R. was not evacuating Iran's northern provinces despite entreaties from the United States. In Turkey, the Soviet Union coveted several naval bases along the Straits of Dardanelles. Further, they pressured Turkey for border cessions that Turkey had taken from Russia after World War I. In Greece, the Soviets encouraged the insurgent leader Markos Vafiades with arms and economic support. The British troops helping the Grecian government were strangled of supplies due to poor economic times in Britain. Also, further territorial requisitions to Yugoslavia, Albania, and Bulgaria were being made. Seeing the deteriorating U.S. - Soviet relations, Truman issued two statements about agreements, violations, reparations, and Soviet actions threatening U.S. security. 1. The Middle East is of strategic importance to the U.S.S.R.(from which they are in range of an air attack.) 2. The U.S. must be prepared to wage atomic and biological warfare. (Ferrel 247) Soon after, he sent bombers to the Middle East. He desired the return of all arms given to U.S.S.R. under the Lend-Lease Act. There isn't a doubt in my mind that Russia intends an invasion of Turkey and seizure of the Black Sea straits to the Mediterranean. Unless Russia is faced with an iron fist and strong language another war is in the making, How many divisions have you? Truman had his eye on the Soviets and on war. However, The U.S.S.R. never made such invasions and thus quelled Truman's paranoia. The Truman Doctrine was starting to develop during 1947 when Truman issued several statements. 1. The present Russian ambassador . . . persona non grata . . . does not belong in Washington. 2. Urge Stalin to pay us a visit. 3. Settle the Korean question give the Koreans a government of their own. 4. Settle the Manchurian question .. . support Chang Kai-Shek for a strong China. 5. Agree to discussion of Russia's lend-lease debt to the U.S. 6. Agree to commercial air treaty. 7. Make it plain that we have no territorial ambitions. That we only want peace, but we'll fight for it! Truman also set several goals for questioned territories: The U.S. would go to war if

Sunday, March 15, 2020

The Comparison and Contrast of Martin Luther King Jr. essays

The Comparison and Contrast of Martin Luther King Jr. essays The Comparison And Contrast of Dr. Martin Luther King And Malcolm Xs Life Dr. Martin Luther King and Malcolm X were great African-Americans that base their lives to stop the discrimination of people who were different than the whites (mainly African-Americans) . In my essay I will compare and show you how different their lives where from each other . I will talk about how their styles were , and how I thought about their accomplishments . Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta , Georgia . He was born his name was actually Michael Luther King Jr. , but he later changed to Martin . When Dr. King was in school he was very smart , because finished high school at the age of fifteen , got his Bachelors degree at the age of 19 from Morehouse College . Then three years after he of studying theological at Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania where he was elected president of a predominantly white senior class . He was presented his B. D. in 1951 , and he went on to peruse the rest of his education . In Boston he met his wife to be Coretta Scott which was as smart as he was , and married her , and had two sons , and two daughters . In 1954 , Martin Luther King Jr. accepted the pastoral of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery , Alabama . King was a member of the executive committee of the National Association for the Advancement of the Colored People(NAACP) , which is the leading organization of its kind in the nation . Dr. King was a great person and I will talk more about his accomplishments in the compare and contrast . Malcolm X was born with the name Malcolm Little , but changed his last name ,because he didnt want to have the last name of a white man that owned his ancestors. Malcolm X was born in Omaha , Nebraska on the date of May 19 , 1925 . Even though Malcolm was ...

Friday, February 28, 2020

Christology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 1

Christology - Essay Example Acts 2:32-32 says, â€Å"This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are witnesses. Therefore being by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Ghost, He hath shed forth this, which ye now see and hear†. Some other instances where this resurrection is the central theme are Acts 3:13-18; 4:10-12; 5:29-32; 10:37-43, and so on. Similarly, one can find this resurrection as the main theme in the Epistles. To illustrate, in 1 Corinthians 15, Paul provides a number of reasons why this resurrection is the basis of Christian faith. When some people in Corinth fail to believe in the resurrection of the dead, Paul explains the various dire consequences in the absence of resurrection. First, the act of preaching Christ will be futile, and hence, even faith in Christ will be useless. If Jesus were not resurrected from the dead, no one would be redeemed from sin as promised. That means all the preachers would be liars and Christians would be come a pitiable lot on the earth. Thus, one can see that it is this resurrection which gave the disciples enough courage and faith in what they preached. Secondly, the late 60s AD witnessed persecution of Christians by the Nero-led Roman government. In 62 AD, both Peter and Paul were executed, and this persecution continued till the early 4th century. In order to make the early Christians face the cruelties boldly, and to sacrifice their own life for this great cause, Jesus’ success over death acted as a catalyst (Vinzent 143). With this spirit, Romans 12:1 says, â€Å"I appeal to you therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, which is your spiritual worship†. Moreover, the Old Testament is full of prophesy about the resurrection, and for those who believed in Scriptures, the saviour is the one who would win over death. To illustrate, Hosea 5:15 reads, â€Å"I will go and return to my place, till they

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

Company Assessment Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words - 1

Company Assessment - Research Paper Example China, which is Nike's largest single sourcing country, employs more than 210,000 people and has over 180 manufacturers. The supply chain management was affected by the issues of unpaid wages, presentation of falsified documents, and underage employees. (Global Supply Chain Council, 2008) Nike tried to make sure that its code of conduct was followed by the Chinese manufacturers, in addition to Chinese laws. The official report released by Nike stated that labor-related issues such as hiring practices, inadequate grievance system for workers, falsified payroll records, and underage workers, were of great concern. (Global Supply Chain Council, 2008) When an identity check was carried out on 150,000 of Nike's workers in China, it was found that 167 employees were underage at the tie of recruitment and two of them were still underage. Paid wages were also not as per the raises mandated by the government. Moreover, the report stated that some of Nike's Chinese contract factories were playing tricks so they don't have to alter the wage levels. (Global Supply Chain Council, 2008) Nike is building a logistics centre in eastern China, which is to complete by the end of next year. This facility, like that in Jiangsu province, will be using high-tech conveyers and sorters for tracking and mobility of its products.Radio frequency technology will also be used to enhance efficiency and accuracy. Nike China is working hard to develop a state-of-the-art logistics facility and exhibit its expertise in supply chain management. It's also working to resolve labor issues, which leave a bad impact on company's reputation. Employing underage workers is the violation of international human rights and working laws. Moreover, many countries, such as USA are very particular about not doing trade of items that involve underage labor. This does not only harm company's prestige but also its revenues. (Gabe Perna, 2009 and Portland Business Journal, 2009) Recently, a Greenpeace report named "Slaughtering the Amazon" had identified different shoe companies that were held responsible for deforestation in the Amazon. Nike was one of them. Last month Nike announced its new leather policy of no sourcing from Amazon rainforest. It conducted extensive discussion with the suppliers and claimed that it is going to make sure that leather used in Nike products is not coming from Amazon rainforests. However, as there is no standard tracing systems a yet, the company cannot give a 100% guarantee. (Global Supply Chain Council, 2009) Nike has called its suppliers to develop a tracking system that would make sure that the leather used does not come from cattle raised in Amazon Biome. Suppliers are to come up with a transparent and traceable tracking system by July 1 next year. Incase suppliers fail to do so; Nike will extend the area outside of Amazon as its leather source. Suppliers are also required to become members of Leather Working Group by the end of this year. Nike is working with this group to create an industry standard traceability system. (Global Supply Chain Council, 2009) References Nikebiz, Company Overview, 2009, ,